The Philosophical Salon

The Philosophical Salon Author Michael Marder
ISBN-10 1785420380
Release 2017-01-20
Pages 268
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The Philosophical Salon gathers in a single volume the voices of today's leading public intellectuals who offer their interpretations of the political, ecological, aesthetic, religious, and social aspects of the human condition in the twenty-first century.

The Philosophical and Literary Ideas of Mme de Sta l and of Mme de Genlis

The Philosophical and Literary Ideas of Mme de Sta  l and of Mme de Genlis Author Machteld De Poortere
ISBN-10 1433101092
Release 2007
Pages 127
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If nearly two centuries have left the reputation of Mme de Stael intact, the same could not be said for Mme de Genlis who, despite several recent studies, remains unknown to critics and the general public. This book compares and contrasts the ideas of these two women who lived in the same period. It strives to emphasize the system of thought that was the basis for their reactions to the historical events of their time. This volume contains a new reading of the historical novels of Mme de Genlis, highlighting some Romantic aspects in her works. It shows that Mme de Genlis, who professed to hate Romanticism, was in reality strongly influenced by this movement. Finally, a comparison between "Corinne" and "Delphine" and "La Duchesse de la Valliere" and "Madame de Maintenon" underlines the importance of history for these two writers and the different ways in which they approached it in their work."

The World of the Salons

The World of the Salons Author Antoine Lilti
ISBN-10 9780199772346
Release 2015
Pages 328
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"The world of the 18th century salon has long been lauded as a meritocratic setting where writers, philosophers, and women created the Enlightenment. Based on a thorough study of archival sources and using methodology derived from cultural history, social history, and the history of literature, The World of Salons proposes a completely new reading of salons' sociability in eighteenth-century Paris. It challenges the commonly accepted vision of salons as literary circles that were part of the Republic of Letters. It argues, instead, that salons were institutions of worldly sociability, had helped shape 'the world' (le monde) and high society. They have been essential places where the aristocratic elites of the capital met and interacted with literary figures. These interactions based on the mastery of the codes of polite conversation but also on the circulation of news and of personal reputations are the subject of this book. The World of the Salon looks at the way in which eighteenth-century social elites redefined themselves through their practices of worldly sociability. It highlights why some men of letters of the Enlightenment attended the salons. Moving from the salons to worldliness permits taking on some broader debates as well. What relations did worldly sociability maintain with the public sphere? How did the Parisian nobility use the idea of worldly merit and the figure of the man of the world (homme du monde) to preserve its social preeminence? Was the new political culture characterized by an appeal to the public compatible with the monarchical apparatus and with court intrigues? The World of the Salons is suitable for an Anglophone audience of early modern European cultural, political, and intellectual historians"--Provided by publisher.

Culture and Explosion

Culture and Explosion Author Juri Lotman
ISBN-10 9783110218473
Release 2009-09-04
Pages 234
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Culture and Explosion, now appearing in English for the very first time, is the final book written by the legendary semiotician Juri Lotman. Originally published in Russian in 1992, a year before Lotman's death, the volume puts forth a fundamental theory: the semiotics of culture. Proceeding from a model of communication, Lotman extends the work of the renowned Tartu-Moscow school that he founded, showing not only how culture can be observed and described, but also how it can be governed and guided. In fact, as Lotman demonstrates with copious examples, the modelling system of culture has an immeasurably strong influence on the way that humans experience "reality". As usual, Lotman's erudition is brought to bear on the theory of culture, and the book comprises a host of well-chosen illustrations from history, literature, art and right across the humanities. The book is of interest to students and researchers in semiotics, cultural/literary studies and Russian studies, as well as anyone with an interest in understanding contemporary intellectual life.

The Matrix Conspiracy

The Matrix Conspiracy  Author Morten Tolboll
ISBN-10 9781595948748
Release 2014-08-15
Pages 555
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The Matrix Conspiracy is the outbreak of a culture of self-assertion, where the classical deadly sins have been turned into virtues. It is a mixture of postmodern intellectualism, management theory, self-help and New Age, which is creating a “me-me-me-and-then-perhaps-you-if-it-serves-me-logic”, and a spirituality, where the object of worship is the ego. It is a culture, where everything is psychologized, emotionalized and therapized, so that political incitation and social responsibility are removed by disguising social problems as personal problems. It is a culture where moral values only are based on what feels good. It is a culture of suspicion, that denies and renounce what people think, and the reasons they produce, in order to find the “real” reasons. It is a culture, where debate is about playing down or directly offending other people. It is a culture, where science and critical thinking have been replaced by magical thinking (you can create yourself and the world as it fit you). But it is also a culture (though it on the surface sounds individualistic), which is about to develop into a global, totalitarian meritocracy, where psychology is controlling people down to the smallest details. This might happen when Western Consumer Capitalism and Chinese Communism in all probability will melt together.

The Atkins Diet and Philosophy

The Atkins Diet and Philosophy Author Lisa Heldke
ISBN-10 9780812698114
Release 2013-11-14
Pages 288
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The Atkins diet has transformed the lives of millions of people, revolutionizing grocery store shelves, restaurant menus, and dinner-table conversations. But there are questions beyond its efficacy and longevity. Is the Atkins diet a new wrinkle in capitalist exploitation or a twisted expression of negative body images? Is it a symbol of super-masculinity? Has the Atkins diet really been around for centuries under other names? Can it increase intelligence, or cause global warming and melt the polar ice caps? How does Atkins fit into Kant’s conception of the moral life, or Rousseau’s vision of a kinder, gentler human society? The Atkins Diet and Philosophy wittily explores these and other pressing questions in sixteen entertaining essays. Following the same fun, readable approach as earlier volumes in this series, this book uses philosophy to put the Atkins diet under the microscope, and uses the Atkins diet to teach vital philosophical lessons for life.

Female Piety and the Catholic Reformation in France

Female Piety and the Catholic Reformation in France Author Jennifer Hillman
ISBN-10 9781317317838
Release 2015-07-22
Pages 240
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Hillman presents a fascinating account of the role that women played during the Catholic Reformation in France. She reconstructs the devotional practices of a network of powerful women showing how they reconciled Catholic piety with their roles as part of an aristocratic elite, challenging the view that the Catholic Reformation was a male concern.

Presenting Women Philosophers

Presenting Women Philosophers Author Cecile Thérèse Tougas
ISBN-10 1566397618
Release 2000
Pages 266
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Western philosophy has long excluded the work of women thinkers from their canon. Presenting Women Philosophers addresses this exclusion by examining the breadth of women's contributions to Western thought over some 900 years. Editors Cecile T. Tougas and Sara Ebenreck have gathered essays and other writings that reflect women's deep engagement with the meaning of individual experience as well as the continuity of their philosophical concerns and practices. Arranged thematically, the collection ranges across eras and literary genres as it emphasizes the intellectual significance of written work by key figures--for example, Hildegard of Bingen's visionary writings, Iris Murdoch's fiction, Hannah Arendt's historical narratives, and the oral storytelling in black women's literary tradition. The collection also brings to light the philosophical importance of little-known work by such writers as Mme de Sabl and Mme de Condorcet. This wide-ranging collection offers non-philosophers an introduction to women's thought but also promises to engage advanced students of philosophy with new research on unrecognized contributions. Author note: Cecile T. Tougas, formerly an Assistant Professor of Philosophy, is a teacher of Latin and Algebra at Ben Franklin Academy in Atlanta. Sara Ebenreck is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at St. Mary's College of Maryland.

The Portraits of Madame de Pompadour

The Portraits of Madame de Pompadour Author Elise Goodman
ISBN-10 0520217942
Release 2000
Pages 187
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"An immensely eloquent tour de force, demonstrating the complex and often contradictory position of women in both intellectual and visual culture. Goodman examines Pompadour as an icon of court culture who simultaneously represents sexuality and the life of the mind. The paintings are the visual record of a remarkable and self-conscious fashioning of femininity." --Dympna Callaghan, "author of Feminist Companion to Shakespeare" "Elise goodman's stimulating and richly illustrated study recovers the visual record of women's place in the French Enlightenment. She traces a trend, engineered as much by the women themselves as by the artists who painted them, in which learning joins beauty to create a new iconography of female portraiture." --Susan S Lanser, author of "Fictions of Authority: Women Writers and Narrative Voice."

Women and Science

Women and Science Author Suzanne Le-May Sheffield
ISBN-10 9780813537375
Release 2004
Pages 409
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From Maria Winkelman's discovery of the comet of 1702 to the Nobel Prize-winning work of twentieth-century scientist Barbara McClintock, women have played a central role in modern science. Their successes have not come easily, nor have they been consistently recognized. This book examines the challenges and barriers women scientists have faced and chronicles their achievements as they struggled to attain recognition for their work in the male-dominated world of modern science.

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment Author Michael A Bishop
ISBN-10 9780198036753
Release 2004-12-23
Pages 224
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Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic epistemology, and treat it as a branch of the philosophy of science. The approach is novel in its use of cost-benefit analysis to guide people facing real reasoning problems and in its framework for resolving normative disputes in psychology. Based on empirical data, Bishop and Trout show how people can improve their reasoning by relying on Statistical Prediction Rules (SPRs). They then develop and articulate the positive core of the book. Their view, Strategic Reliabilism, claims that epistemic excellence consists in the efficient allocation of cognitive resources to reliable reasoning strategies, applied to significant problems. The last third of the book develops the implications of this view for standard analytic epistemology; for resolving normative disputes in psychology; and for offering practical, concrete advice on how this theory can improve real people's reasoning. This is a truly distinctive and controversial work that spans many disciplines and will speak to an unusually diverse group, including people in epistemology, philosophy of science, decision theory, cognitive and clinical psychology, and ethics and public policy.

Animals in the Classical World

Animals in the Classical World Author A. Harden
ISBN-10 9781137319319
Release 2013-09-24
Pages 222
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This sourcebook presents nearly 200 specially-translated Greek and Roman texts from Homer to Plutarch, revealing the place of the animal in the moral consciousness of the Classical era. Philosophical, historical, dramatic and poetic texts explore how animals were regarded in all aspects of ancient life, from philosophy to farming.

Christ at the Center

Christ at the Center Author Lisa D. Maugans Driver
ISBN-10 9780664228972
Release 2009
Pages 259
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This volume in the Westminster History of Christian Thought series is an accessible introduction to the main theological disputes and debates that helped shape the early Christian church. Author Lisa Driver illustrates how early Christians' interactions with one another in worship and in their care for strangers and the poor shaped how they came to understand God, Christ, and other important aspects of their Christian beliefs. This interrelation of faith and practice is the clarifying lens through which the story of emerging Christian thought is told. Questions for discussion with each chapter make this book an excellent resource for classroom use.

Negotiating Normativity

Negotiating Normativity Author Nikita Dhawan
ISBN-10 9783319309842
Release 2016-07-01
Pages 253
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This volume presents the critical perspectives of feminists, critical race theorists, and queer and postcolonial theorists who question the adoption of European norms in the postcolonial world and whether such norms are enabling for disenfranchised communities or if they simply reinforce relations of domination and exploitation. It examines how postcolonial interventions alter the study of politics and society both in the postcolony and in Euro-America, as well as of the power relations between them. Challenging conventional understandings of international politics, this volume pushes the boundaries of the social sciences by engaging with alternative critical approaches and innovatively and provocatively addressing previously disregarded aspects of international politics. The fourteen contributions in this volume focus on the silencing and exclusion of vulnerable groups from claims of freedom, equality and rights, while highlighting postcolonial-queer-feminist struggles for transnational justice, radical democracy and decolonization, drawing on in-depth empirically-informed analyses of processes and struggles in Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America. They address political and social topics including global governance and development politics; neo-colonialism, international aid and empire; resistance, decolonization and the Arab Spring; civil society and social movement struggles; international law, democratization and subalternity; body politics and green imperialism. By drawing on other disciplines in the social sciences and humanities, this book both enriches and expands the discipline of political science and international relations. Primary readership for this volume will be academics and students concerned with globalization studies, postcolonial theory, gender studies, and international relations, as well as political activists and policy-makers concerned with social and transnational justice, human rights, democracy, gender justice and women’s rights.

The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World Author Michael Peachin
ISBN-10 0195188004
Release 2011
Pages 738
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Michael Peachin is Professor of Classics at New York University. --Book Jacket.

Greek Wisdom Literature and the Middle Ages

Greek Wisdom Literature and the Middle Ages Author Francisco Rodríguez Adrados
ISBN-10 3039117521
Release 2009
Pages 392
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In 13th-century Toledo, King Alfonso the Wise fostered the publication of Castilian translations of certain Arabic works that had in turn been translated from Greek and Pehlvi. In this book, which is the revised English version of the Spanish original published under the title of "Modelos griegos de la sabiduria castellana y europea," the author studies four of these Castilian translations - the "Libro de los Buenos Proverbios, Poridad de las Poridades" or "Secreto de secretos, Bocados de Oro" and "Historia de la Donzella Teodor" - works of sapiential literature that had an enormous influence in all of Europe. Their Arabic models had been translated from Greek in Bagdad at the instigation of the great caliphs of the 9th century and also in the Fatamid court at Cairo in the 11th century. The traditional view is that this literature is simply of oriental origin, but the author believes that the models were Greek Byzantine works discovered by the Arabs in Syria and Egypt in the 7th and 8th centuries. Their true origin is to be found in the Greek sapiential literature that developed around the figures of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Alexander in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine schools of philosophy; its influence can frequently be found reflected in authors of Christian literature. A detailed study of themes, vocabulary and expressions in the works themselves confirms these origins."

Lekt ren Interventionen

Lekt  ren   Interventionen Author J. Hillis Miller
ISBN-10 1785420321
Release 2016-07-01
Pages 210
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Der vorliegende Band ist eine neue thematisch orientierte Zusammenstellung von Hillis Millers jungeren Arbeiten, die alle um die eine Frage kreisen: warum und wozu Literaturwissenschaft, oder im erweiterten Sinne Kulturwissenschaft' - im Zeitalter der elektronischen Medien und der vorwiegend nachgefragten technologischen Berufe der heutigen Zeit weder in der Geschaftswelt noch in der personlichen Entwicklung? Diese Frage ist nicht ganz neu, hat viele Facetten und erfordert differenzierte Antworten, die vom politischen und kulturellen Klima einer Gesellschaft abhangen."