Superintelligence Author Nick Bostrom
ISBN-10 9780199678112
Release 2014
Pages 328
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The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.

Homo Deus Yarinin Kisa Bir Tarihi

Homo Deus Yarinin Kisa Bir Tarihi Author Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN-10 6055029634
Release 2016-12-01
Pages 456
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Homo Deus Yarinin Kisa Bir Tarihi has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Homo Deus Yarinin Kisa Bir Tarihi also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Homo Deus Yarinin Kisa Bir Tarihi book for free.

Science Fiction and Philosophy

Science Fiction and Philosophy Author Susan Schneider
ISBN-10 9781118922606
Release 2015-12-22
Pages 432
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Featuring numerous updates and enhancements, Science Fiction and Philosophy, 2nd Edition, presents a collection of readings that utilize concepts developed from science fiction to explore a variety of classic and contemporary philosophical issues. Uses science fiction to address a series of classic and contemporary philosophical issues, including many raised by recent scientific developments Explores questions relating to transhumanism, brain enhancement, time travel, the nature of the self, and the ethics of artificial intelligence Features numerous updates to the popular and highly acclaimed first edition, including new chapters addressing the cutting-edge topic of the technological singularity Draws on a broad range of science fiction’s more familiar novels, films, and TV series, including I, Robot, The Hunger Games, The Matrix, Star Trek, Blade Runner, and Brave New World Provides a gateway into classic philosophical puzzles and topics informed by the latest technology

Artificial Superintelligence

Artificial Superintelligence Author Roman V. Yampolskiy
ISBN-10 9781482234442
Release 2015-06-17
Pages 227
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A day does not go by without a news article reporting some amazing breakthrough in artificial intelligence (AI). Many philosophers, futurists, and AI researchers have conjectured that human-level AI will be developed in the next 20 to 200 years. If these predictions are correct, it raises new and sinister issues related to our future in the age of intelligent machines. Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach directly addresses these issues and consolidates research aimed at making sure that emerging superintelligence is beneficial to humanity. While specific predictions regarding the consequences of superintelligent AI vary from potential economic hardship to the complete extinction of humankind, many researchers agree that the issue is of utmost importance and needs to be seriously addressed. Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach discusses key topics such as: AI-Completeness theory and how it can be used to see if an artificial intelligent agent has attained human level intelligence Methods for safeguarding the invention of a superintelligent system that could theoretically be worth trillions of dollars Self-improving AI systems: definition, types, and limits The science of AI safety engineering, including machine ethics and robot rights Solutions for ensuring safe and secure confinement of superintelligent systems The future of superintelligence and why long-term prospects for humanity to remain as the dominant species on Earth are not great Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach is designed to become a foundational text for the new science of AI safety engineering. AI researchers and students, computer security researchers, futurists, and philosophers should find this an invaluable resource.

Current and Future Developments in Artificial Intelligence

Current and Future Developments in Artificial Intelligence Author Faria Nassiri-Mofakham
ISBN-10 9781681085029
Release 2017-08-07
Pages 428
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Intelligent Computational Systems presents current and future developments in intelligent computational systems in a multi-disciplinary context. Readers will learn about the pervasive and ubiquitous roles of artificial intelligence (AI) and gain a perspective about the need for intelligent systems to behave rationally when interacting with humans in complex and realistic domains. This reference covers widespread applications of AI discussed in 11 chapters which cover topics such as AI and behavioral simulations, AI schools, automated negotiation, language analysis and learning, financial prediction, sensor management, Multi-agent systems, and much more. This reference work is will assist researchers, advanced-level students and practitioners in information technology and computer science fields interested in the broad applications of AI.

Morality Foresight and Human Flourishing

Morality  Foresight  and Human Flourishing Author Phil Torres
ISBN-10 9781634311434
Release 2017-09-12
Pages 328
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Existential risk studies is a growing field that attempts to understand the greatest dangers to humanity from a scientific perspective. This book offers the first scholarly survey of existential risks, from asteroid impacts and climate change to molecular nanotechnology and machine superintelligence. It argues that avoiding an existential catastrophe should be among our highest moral priorities and analyzes a number of risk mitigation strategies to reduce the probability of a worst-case scenario. The dangers facing humanity this century are real and immense, but the future course of civilization is ultimately up to us.


Perspectives Author William F Brown
ISBN-10 9781460270318
Release 2016-03-06
Pages 412
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From the first seconds Following the Big Bang, to our best guesses for the fate of the universe and humanity, science provides stunning new perspectives about the place of humanity in the cosmos. Humans may live on one planet in one small corner of the Milky Way, itself one of billions of other galaxies, but Earth may be unique in one respect. Earth is teaming with life, one species of which, through chance and natural selection, developed an extraordinary brain, gifted with imagination, curiosity and a compulsion to understand ourselves and the universe. Perspectives is a journey through deep time, from the creation of the universe to the beginnings of life, our human origins and later the rise of culture and religion. It explores what it means to be human, and where our technology could take us in the years and centuries to come.

Machines that Think

Machines that Think Author New Scientist
ISBN-10 9781473629660
Release 2017-10-19
Pages 224
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Sometime in the future the intelligence of machines will exceed that of human brain power. So are we on the edge of an AI-pocalypse, with superintelligent devices superseding humanity, as predicted by Stephen Hawking? Or will this herald a kind of Utopia, with machines doing a far better job at complex tasks than us? You might not realise it, but you interact with AIs every day. They route your phone calls, approve your credit card transactions and help your doctor interpret results. Driverless cars will soon be on the roads with a decision-making computer in charge. But how do machines actually think and learn? In Machines That Think, AI experts and New Scientist explore how artificial intelligence helps us understand human intelligence, machines that compose music and write stories - and ask if AI is really a threat. ABOUT THE SERIES New Scientist Instant Expert books are definitive and accessible entry points to the most important subjects in science; subjects that challenge, attract debate, invite controversy and engage the most enquiring minds. Designed for curious readers who want to know how things work and why, the Instant Expert series explores the topics that really matter and their impact on individuals, society, and the planet, translating the scientific complexities around us into language that's open to everyone, and putting new ideas and discoveries into perspective and context.

Ethics and Autonomous Weapons

Ethics and Autonomous Weapons Author Alex Leveringhaus
ISBN-10 9781137523617
Release 2016-05-18
Pages 131
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This book is amongst the first academic treatments of the emerging debate on autonomous weapons. Autonomous weapons are capable, once programmed, of searching for and engaging a target without direct intervention by a human operator. Critics of these weapons claim that ‘taking the human out-of-the-loop’ represents a further step towards the de-humanisation of warfare, while advocates of this type of technology contend that the power of machine autonomy can potentially be harnessed in order to prevent war crimes. This book provides a thorough and critical assessment of these two positions. Written by a political philosopher at the forefront of the autonomous weapons debate, the book clearly assesses the ethical and legal ramifications of autonomous weapons, and presents a novel ethical argument against fully autonomous weapons.

Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence

Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence Author Vincent C. Müller
ISBN-10 9783319264851
Release 2016-06-07
Pages 570
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This volume offers a look at the fundamental issues of present and future AI, especially from cognitive science, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy. This work examines the conditions for artificial intelligence, how these relate to the conditions for intelligence in humans and other natural agents, as well as ethical and societal problems that artificial intelligence raises or will raise. The key issues this volume investigates include the relation of AI and cognitive science, ethics of AI and robotics, brain emulation and simulation, hybrid systems and cyborgs, intelligence and intelligence testing, interactive systems, multi-agent systems, and super intelligence. Based on the 2nd conference on “Theory and Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence” held in Oxford, the volume includes prominent researchers within the field from around the world.

What Comes After Homo Sapiens

What Comes After Homo Sapiens Author Don Simborg
ISBN-10 9780692946046
Release 2017-09-07
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Life began on earth 3.8 billion years ago. We have had two momentous evolutionary events since then: the emergence of Eukarya about 2 billion years ago (the basis of all plants and animals) and the enlargement in size and capability of the human brain, which began about 2 million years ago. Otherwise humans have had a remarkably stable evolutionary process. But now, two technologies, artificial intelligence and genetic engineering, are converging rapidly to create a third momentous event: the creation of the next human species. • There are over seven billion people alive today, consisting of many variations in physical, mental, cultural and genetic characteristics. We occupy virtually every livable land-based niche on earth. Yet we are all one species, Homo sapiens. • All Homo sapiens can freely interbreed with each other and have normal offspring. This is the essence of what we call a species. • We are also all humans, a term that can expand to include multiple species as it has in the past. Humans were formed through the forces of evolution. The evolutionary process involves changes in our genetic makeup interacting with the environment. Darwin called this natural selection and it has been going on for billions of years. It never stopped. Before humans emerged, we shared a common ancestor with chimpanzees. Although there is some uncertainty concerning the exact path, our species developed in Africa through many stages of what we call human, and eventually Homo sapiens spread throughout the world. A second human species, which I’m calling Homo nouveau, will soon coexist with us. Although this seems astonishing, having more than one human species living simultaneously with other human species was the usual case for millions of years. The astonishing part is how it will happen for Homo nouveau. —Don Simborg

The End

The End Author Phil Torres
ISBN-10 9781634310420
Release 2016-02-16
Pages 288
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Comparing the views of religion and science on the end of the world, this book argues we are worried about precisely the wrong scenarios Presenting the most comprehensive yet accessible exploration of beliefs about the end times to date, The End looks at both religious and secular apocalypses. It places contemporary existential anxieties, such as those about biodiversity loss, nanotech terrorism, and a superintelligence takeover, within a longer history of imagining the end of the world, from the eschatology of Zoroastrianism to the still widely accepted tales of Christian dispensationalism. In taking a big-picture view, the book shows that the vast majority of human beings are preoccupied with precisely those scenarios that are the least likely to come true, while the greatest hazards go largely ignored. By weaving together themes from New Atheism, concepts in existential risk studies, and lessons from comparative religion, The End urges a fundamental shift in our priorities as a species.

Gr ne Infrastruktur Green Infrastructure

Gr  ne Infrastruktur   Green Infrastructure Author Bund Deutscher Landschaftsarchitekten
ISBN-10 9783035603835
Release 2015-08-31
Pages 176
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The more intensively we exploit the urban and rural landscape, the greater the demands we place on our environment and what it can provide. Demographic change, shrinking cities, urban expansion, climate change and the transition to renewable energy sources are confronting us with challenges of ever greater magnitude. Solar fields and bio-energy crops are changing the face of the landscape and new traffic and energy infrastructure criss-crosses the countryside. Meanwhile, vast efforts are being made to adapt existing infrastructure to meet changing demands. In the process, it has once again become clear that we must consider our use of natural resources not just from a local perspective but within a broader context. Green infrastructure strategies can take quite different forms, ranging from floodwater protection measures to the integration of traffic and energy systems and the development of urban green. The goal for society is to improve the diversity and resilience of our environment and to minimize the effects of climate change. In essays, interviews and profiles of the best realized projects from the past few years, Green Infrastructure examines the challenges and tasks facing contemporary landscape architecture and what it can achieve to address them. This book is published on the occasion of the awarding of the German Landscape Architecture Prize 2015.

The Babylon Code

The Babylon Code Author Paul McGuire
ISBN-10 9781455589425
Release 2015-10-06
Pages 368
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What if God embedded a code in the Bible that could only be cracked in the end times--a prophetic cypher that reveals how the four blood moons and the biblical Shemitah are just signs of the beginning of end-time events? Unlocking a great mystery that has puzzled scholars for nearly two thousand years, THE BABYLON CODE reveals how powerful forces are now at work to create a global government, cashless society, and universal religion as predicted by the prophets. The result of a five-year journalistic investigation, THE BABYLON CODE takes readers on a spellbinding journey to explore the link between the world's most secret organizations, the Bible's greatest prophetic riddle, and what world-renowned evangelist Billy Graham describes as a convergence in end-time signs for the first time in history. This prophetic mystery book pieces together the apocalyptic puzzle--uncovering what may be not only the biggest story and political scandal in modern history, but also the secret to both our survival and our salvation.

The Memory of Tree

The Memory of Tree Author Ulla Hirvensalo
ISBN-10 9789523305977
Release 2016-07-01
Pages 224
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The Memory of Tree is "science fiction”. Main task is to find information (vibrations) from annual rings. the Spearhead cluster (Keihäänkärkiklusteri) started and financed the project Secrets open. The Leader of the group is Berit, information scientist (Biolnformation). Other members are: Pekka,dendrologist, Kalle, the sculptor, Niilo, M.S.C in nanotechnology Heikki,BA, Tellervo, theologian, Iivari student of Technology and Sirkka,composer. The key tasks of the project were the following: 1. Set up a multi-scientific group and start inventing new innovations with it 2. Choose one of these for implementation.

The Cosmic Compendium The Ultimate Fate of the Universe

The Cosmic Compendium  The Ultimate Fate of the Universe Author Rupert W Anderson
ISBN-10 9781329031975
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The Cosmic Compendium The Ultimate Fate of the Universe has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Cosmic Compendium The Ultimate Fate of the Universe also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Cosmic Compendium The Ultimate Fate of the Universe book for free.

The Matter of History

The Matter of History Author Timothy J. LeCain
ISBN-10 9781107134171
Release 2017-07-31
Pages 358
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New insights into the microbiome, epigenetics, and cognition are radically challenging our very idea of what it means to be 'human', while an explosion of neo-materialist thinking in the humanities has fostered a renewed appreciation of the formative powers of a dynamic material environment. The Matter of History brings these scientific and humanistic ideas together to develop a bold, new post-anthropocentric understanding of the past, one that reveals how powerful organisms and things help to create humans in all their dimensions, biological, social, and cultural. Timothy J. LeCain combines cutting-edge theory and detailed empirical analysis to explain the extraordinary late-nineteenth century convergence between the United States and Japan at the pivotal moment when both were emerging as global superpowers. Illustrating the power of a deeply material social and cultural history, The Matter of History argues that three powerful things - cattle, silkworms, and copper - helped to drive these previously diverse nations towards a global 'Great Convergence'.