On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects

On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects Author Gilbert Simondon
ISBN-10 1937561038
Release 2016-04-01
Pages 310
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Few thinkers have been as influential upon current discussions and theoretical practices in the age of media archaeology, philosophy of technology, and digital humanities as the French thinker Gilbert Simondon. Simondon's prolific intellectual curiosity led his philosophical and scientific reflections to traverse a variety of areas of research, including philosophy, psychology, the beginnings of cybernetics, and the foundations of religion. For Simondon, the human/machine distinction is perhaps not a simple dichotomy. There is much we can learn from our technical objects, and while it has been said that humans have an alienating rapport with technical objects, Simondon takes up the task of a true thinker who sees the potential for humanity to uncover life-affirming modes of technical objects whereby we can discover potentiality for novel, healthful, and dis-alienating rapports with them. For Simondon, by way of studying its genesis, one must grant to the technical object the same ontological status as that of the aesthetic object or even a living being. His work thus opens up exciting new entry points into studying the human's rapport with its continually changing technical reality. This first complete English-language translation of Gilbert Simondon's groundbreaking and influential work finally presents to Anglophone readers one of the pinnacle works of France's most unique thinkers of technics.



On the Modes of Existence of Technical Objects

On the Modes of Existence of Technical Objects Author Gilbert Simondon
ISBN-10 1320212883
Release 2014-11-14
Pages
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On the Modes of Existence of Technical Objects has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from On the Modes of Existence of Technical Objects also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full On the Modes of Existence of Technical Objects book for free.



Gilbert Simondon and the Philosophy of the Transindividual

Gilbert Simondon and the Philosophy of the Transindividual Author Muriel Combes
ISBN-10 0262018187
Release 2013
Pages 119
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Gilbert Simondon (1924--1989), one of the most influential contemporary French philosophers, published only three works: L'individu et sa genèse physico-biologique (The individual and its physico-biological genesis, 1964) and L'individuation psychique et collective (Psychic and collective individuation, 1989), both drawn from his doctoral thesis, and Du mode d'existence des objets techniques (On the mode of existence of technical objects, 1958). It is this last work that brought Simondon into the public eye; as a consequence, he has been considered a "thinker of technics" and cited often in pedagogical reports on teaching technology. Yet Simondon was a philosopher whose ambitions lay in an in-depth renewal of ontology as a process of individuation--that is, how individuals come into being, persist, and transform. In this accessible yet rigorous introduction to Simondon's work, Muriel Combes helps to bridge the gap between Simondon's account of technics and his philosophy of individuation. Some thinkers have found inspiration in Simondon's philosophy of individuation, notably Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. Combes's account, first published in French in 1999, is one of the only studies of Simondon to appear in English. Combes breaks new ground, exploring an ethics and politics adequate to Simondon's hypothesis of preindividual being, considering through the lens of transindividual philosophy what form a nonservile relation to technology might take today. Her book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand Simondon's work.



Die Nachricht ein Medium

Die Nachricht  ein Medium Author Vera Bühlmann
ISBN-10 9783990436301
Release 2014-09-23
Pages 288
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What would it entail to reformulate the classical architectonic question under genuinely civic instead of natural conditions? The author sketches a concept of mediality as the element of symbolically constituted, distributed and discrete possibilities, engendered from the probabilistic mixture in which the open totality of what can be communicated is indexed.



Jacques Ellul and the Technological Society in the 21st Century

Jacques Ellul and the Technological Society in the 21st Century Author Helena M. Jerónimo
ISBN-10 9789400766587
Release 2013-07-08
Pages 262
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This volume rethinks the work of Jacques Ellul (1912-1994) on the centenary of his birth, by presenting an overview of the current debates based on Ellul's insights. As one of the most significant twentieth-century thinkers about technology, Ellul was among the first thinkers to realize the importance of topics such as globalization, terrorism, communication technologies and ecology, and study them from a technological perspective. The book is divided into three sections. The first discusses Ellul’s diagnosis of modern society, and addresses the reception of his work on the technological society, the notion of efficiency, the process of symbolization/de-symbolization, and ecology. The second analyzes communicational and cultural problems, as well as threats and trends in early twenty-first century societies. Many of the issues Ellul saw as crucial – such as energy, propaganda, applied life sciences and communication – continue to be so. In fact they have grown exponentially, on a global scale, producing new forms of risk. Essays in the final section examine the duality of reason and revelation. They pursue an understanding of Ellul in terms of the depth of experience and the traditions of human knowledge, which is to say, on the one hand, the experience of the human being as contained in the rationalist, sociological and philosophical traditions. On the other hand there are the transcendent roots of human existence, as well as “revealed knowledge,” in the mystical and religious traditions. The meeting of these two traditions enables us to look at Ellul’s work as a whole, but above all it opens up a space for examining religious life in the technological society.



Current Scientific and Industrial Reality

Current Scientific and Industrial Reality Author Carsten Gundlach
ISBN-10 9783899583403
Release 2007
Pages 290
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Current Scientific and Industrial Reality has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Current Scientific and Industrial Reality also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Current Scientific and Industrial Reality book for free.



Deleuze and Design

Deleuze and Design Author Betti Marenko
ISBN-10 9780748691555
Release 2015-06-08
Pages 264
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Drawing on a range of contributors, case studies and examples, this book examines how we can think about design through Deleuze, and how Deleuze's thought can be re-designed to produce new concepts. It taps into the emerging networks between philosophy as an act of inventing concepts and design as the process of inventing the world.



Stiegler and Technics

Stiegler and Technics Author Christina Howells
ISBN-10 9780748677047
Release 2013-09-30
Pages 304
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These 17 essays covers all aspects of Bernard Stiegler's work, from poststructuralism, anthropology and psychoanalysis to his work on the politics of memory, "libidinal economy", technoscience and aesthetics, keeping a focus on his key theory of technics throughout.



Sendung

Sendung Author Engell, LorenzSiegert, Bernhard
ISBN-10 9783787328321
Release 2015-10-08
Pages 176
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Abstracts Jens Schröter: Das mediale Monopol des Staates und seine Verteidigungslinien Auch in freiheitlichen Demokratien gibt es mediale Formen und Verfahren, die staatlich monopolisiert sind. Dies sind die Verfahren zur Sicherung und Stabilisierung der Echtheit von Geld und staatlichen Dokumenten, also den zentralen Medien von Ökonomie und Staat. Im Sinne einer noch zu schreibenden Mediengeschichte des Staates stellt der Aufsatz diese Formen und Verfahren der Echtheitssicherung dar und zeigt auf, wie immer wieder auf neue technologische Bedrohungen des medialen Monopols des Staates reagiert werden musste. Even in liberal democracies there are media forms and procedures monopolized by the state. Such are the methods to secure and stabilize the authenticity of money and state documents, i. e. the central media of economy and the state. In terms of a media history of the state, the paper describes these forms and methods of securing authenticity and shows how the state had to respond to ever new technological threats to its media monopoly. Glenn Peers: Framing and Conserving Byzantine Art at the Menil Collection: Experiences of Relative Identity Conservation and exhibition of historical works of art run many risks of misrepresentation of the life and meanings of objects. This paper explores the identities of some particularly compelling examples of Byzantine art restored under special circumstances at the Menil Collection in Houston, Texas. This examination of the restoration of frescos and icons, and their particular display histories, reveals the contingencies of our encounters with and explanations of historical art. Die Erhaltung und Ausstellung von historischen Kunstwerken geht viele Risiken in Bezug auf die Darstellung des Lebens und der Bedeutungen von Objekten ein.



Big Data

Big Data Author Ramón Reichert
ISBN-10 9783732825929
Release 2014-09
Pages 496
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Ob die Überwachungspraktiken der NSA oder die Geschäftsmodelle von Google, Facebook & Co.: Sie alle basieren auf »Big Data«, der ungeahnten Möglichkeit, riesige Datenmengen wie nie zuvor in der Geschichte zu erheben, zu sammeln und zu analysieren. »Big Data« beschreibt damit nicht nur neuartige wissenschaftliche Datenpraktiken, sondern steht für eine tektonische Verschiebung von Wissen, Medien, Macht und Ökonomie. Im Unterschied zum Medienhype um »Big Data« schafft der Band einen Reflexionsraum zur differenzierten Auseinandersetzung mit dem datenbasierten Medienumbruch der Gegenwart. International führende Theoretiker der Digital Humanities stellen einen fachübergreifenden Theorierahmen zur Verfügung, der es erlaubt, »Big Data« in seiner gesamten sozialen, kulturellen, ökonomischen und politischen Bandbreite zeitdiagnostisch zu thematisieren. Mit Beiträgen von David M. Berry, Jean Burgess, Alexander R. Galloway, Lev Manovich, Richard Rogers, Daniel Rosenberg, Bernard Stiegler, Theo Röhle, Eugene Thacker u.a.m.



Critical Discourse Studies and Technology

Critical Discourse Studies and Technology Author Ian Roderick
ISBN-10 9781472569509
Release 2016-06-16
Pages 232
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Making a new contribution to the developing field of multimodal critical discourse studies, Ian Roderick's book demonstrates how technologies that tend to be widely represented as innovative, or as simple pragmatic solutions, are always anchored in power relations and are therefore deeply ideological. A series of examples analysing technologies such as robotics, smart phones or bio-medicine, their functioning and uses, as well as their representations in the media, show that these are embedded within discourses that tell us about social and power relations, identities and political values. The book takes a tour of everyday technologies and how they are represented in different settings. A Disney theme park attraction showing how technology has improved family life makes many assumptions about what is natural in terms of interpersonal relations, pleasure and satisfaction. Advertisements that represent robot workers inform us about the kinds of worker-management relations now characterising work places. Roderick looks at the way that technologies, while often represented as divorced from their production and maintenance, as objects of wonder, need to be seen within a fabric of social relations that tends to be supressed from how we see them as part of a wider technological fetishism. Engaging with existing theories of technology, the book argues that we must take a more interdisciplinary approach to avoid the pitfalls of social constructivism and technological determinism. Our experiences of technologies are shaped through the relationship between knowledge, practices and institutional forms.



Technics and Time The fault of Epimetheus

Technics and Time  The fault of Epimetheus Author Bernard Stiegler
ISBN-10 0804730415
Release 1998
Pages 316
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What is a technical object? At the beginning of Western philosophy, Aristotle contrasted beings formed by nature, which had within themselves a beginning of movement and rest, and man-made objects, which did not have the source of their own production within themselves. This book, the first of three volumes, revises the Aristotelian argument and develops an innovative assessment whereby the technical object can be seen as having an essential, distinct temporality and dynamics of its own. The Aristotelian concept persisted, in one form or another, until Marx, who conceived of the possibility of an evolution of technics. Lodged between mechanics and biology, a technical entity became a complex of heterogeneous forces. In a parallel development, while industrialization was in the process of overthrowing the contemporary order of knowledge as well as contemporary social organization, technology was acquiring a new place in philosophical questioning. Philosophy was for the first time faced with a world in which technical expansion was so widespread that science was becoming more and more subject to the field of instrumentality, with its ends determined by the imperatives of economic struggle or war, and with its epistemic status changing accordingly. The power that emerged from this new relation was unleashed in the course of the two world wars. Working his way through the history of the Aristotelian assessment of technics, the author engages the ideas of a wide range of thinkers--Rousseau, Husserl, and Heidegger, the paleo-ontologist Leroi-Gourhan, the anthropologists Vernant and Detienne, the sociologists Weber and Habermas, and the systems analysts Maturana and Varela.



World Politics at the Edge of Chaos

World Politics at the Edge of Chaos Author Emilian Kavalski
ISBN-10 9781438456096
Release 2015-04-17
Pages 302
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Comprehensive overview of the inroads made by Complexity Thinking approaches and ideas in the study and practice of world politics. Why are policymakers, scholars, and the general public so surprised when the world turns out to be unpredictable? World Politics at the Edge of Chaos suggests that the study of international politics needs new forms of knowledge to respond to emerging challenges such as the interconnectedness between local and transnational realities; between markets, migration, and social movements; and between pandemics, a looming energy crisis, and climate change. Asserting that Complexity Thinking (CT) provides a much-needed lens for interpreting these challenges, the contributors offer a parallel assessment of the impact of CT to anthropocentric and non-anthropocentric (post-human) International Relations. Using this perspective, the result should be less surprise when confronting the dynamism of a fragile and unpredictable global life.



Gilbert Simondon Being and Technology

Gilbert Simondon  Being and Technology Author Arne De Boever
ISBN-10 9780748650798
Release 2012-01-13
Pages 248
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The first sustained exploration of Simondon's work to be published in English. This collection of essays, including one by Simondon himself, outlines the central tenets of Simondon's thought, the implication of his thought for numerous disciplines and his relationship to other thinkers such as Heidegger, Deleuze and Canguilhem.Complete with a contextualising introduction and a glossary of technical terms, it offers an entry point to this important thinker and will appeal to people working in philosophy, philosophy of science, media studies, social theory and political philosophy.Gilbert Simondon's work has recently come to prominence in America and around the Anglophone world, having been of great importance in France for many years.



Word Toys

Word Toys Author Brian Kim Stefans
ISBN-10 9780817358952
Release 2017-07-25
Pages 364
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Word Toys: Poetry and Technics is an engaging and thought provoking volume that speculates on a range of textual works—poetic, novelistic, and programmed—as technical objects. With the ascent of digital culture, new forms of literature and literary production are thriving that include multimedia, networked, conceptual, and other as-yet-unnamed genres while traditional genres and media—the lyric, the novel, the book—have been transformed. Word Toys: Poetry and Technics is an engaging and thought-provoking volume that speculates on a range of poetic, novelistic, and programmed works that lie beyond the language of the literary and which views them instead as technical objects. Brian Kim Stefans considers the problems that arise when discussing these progressive texts in relation to more traditional print-based poetic texts. He questions the influence of game theory and digital humanities rhetoric on poetic production, and how non-digital works, such as contemporary works of lyric poetry, are influenced by the recent ubiquity of social media, the power of search engines, and the public perceptions of language in a time of nearly universal surveillance. Word Toys offers new readings of canonical avant-garde writers such as Ezra Pound and Charles Olson, major successors such as Charles Bernstein, Alice Notley, and Wanda Coleman, mixed-genre artists including Caroline Bergvall, Tan Lin, and William Poundstone, and lyric poets such as Harryette Mullen and Ben Lerner. Writers that trouble the poetry/science divide such as Christian Bök, and novelists who have embraced digital technology such as Mark Z. Danielewski and the elusive Toadex Hobogrammathon, anchor reflections on the nature of creativity in a world where authors collaborate, even if unwittingly, with machines and networks. In addition, Stefans names provocative new genres—among them the nearly formless “undigest” and the transpacific “miscegenated script”—arguing by example that interdisciplinary discourse is crucial to the development of scholarship about experimental work.



Francophone Perspectives of Learning Through Work

Francophone Perspectives of Learning Through Work Author Laurent Filliettaz
ISBN-10 9783319186696
Release 2015-07-09
Pages 378
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This book generates a comprehensive account of ways in which practice-based learning has been conceptualized in the Francophone context. Learning for occupations, and the educational and practice-based experiences supporting it are the subject of increased interest and attention globally. Governments, professional bodies, workplaces and workers are now looking for experiences that support the initial and ongoing development of occupational capacities. Consequently, more attention is being given to workplaces as sites for this learning. This focus on learning through work has long been emphasised in the Francophone world, which has developed distinct traditions and conceptions of associations between work and learning. These include ergonomics and professional didactics. Yet, whilst being accepted and of long standing in the Francophone world, these conceptions and traditions, and the practices supporting them are little known about or understood in the Anglophone world, which is the dominant medium for scientific and educational discussion. This book addresses this problem through drawing on accounts from France, Switzerland and Canada that make accessible and elaborate these traditions, conceptions and practices through examples of their applications to occupationally related learning. These accounts offer variations and culturally-specific developments of these traditions, but collectively emphasize a preoccupation with how both work and learning need to be understood through situated considerations of persons enacting their work practice. In this way, they offer noteworthy and worthwhile contributions to contemporary global considerations of learning through work.



The Silent Revolution

The Silent Revolution Author M. Bunz
ISBN-10 9781137373502
Release 2013-10-31
Pages 134
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Critically engaging, illustrative and with numerous examples, The Silent Revolution delivers a philosophically informed introduction to current debates on digital technology and calls for a more active role of humans towards technology.